2020 is full of surprises, as for the first time NASA’s SOFIA finds more water molecules on the sunlit side of the moon. Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA), has also explained that the discovered water may have the chances to get scattered across the lunar surface, and not exclusive to cold, shadowed places. But the fact shocked everyone including scientists is how there will be the presence of water on the moon’s surface when it is exactly under the flame of sunlight. SOFIA is an aircraft that carries a reflecting telescope, to capture images for the astronomers to study the solar system and beyond it, which is powerless by a refracting telescope. As per NASA’s revelation, SOFIA has detected a good number of water molecules in one of the largest craters, Clavius Crater, that is visible from Earth.
What amazed scientists?
Previously, NASA acknowledged that the interaction between hydrogen carried by the sun’s solar wind and oxygen minerals in the soil of the moon formed the water molecules, which later turned out to be hydroxyl molecules(OH) but not water molecules(H20). However, Paul Hertz, the director of the Astrophysics Division in the Science Mission Directorate at NASA headquarters in Washington stated “ we had indications that H2O molecules might be present on the sunlit face of the moon, now we know it is there. This discovery challenges our understanding of the lunar surface and raises fascinating questions about resources relevant for deep space exploration.” Meanwhile, SOFIA is still undertaking missions to spot other areas of the moon with water molecules. Talking about the records, since 1972 people have halted stepping into the moon after the first Apollo astronauts who came to know about the fact that Earth’s closest acquaintances were dry and clean.
Nasa’s Purpose of discovering water molecules
NASA has been working for over a decade to discover the presence of water on the lunar surface to use it as a powerful resource. Speaking of water at hand, it can be refined into rocket fuel, by giving rise to the moon as a refueling end for spacecraft which are led away into the solar system, to Mars and beyond.